- Three quarters of all crime committed is property crime yet victims have little faith in the criminal justice system, says Rt Hon David Lammy MP
- Figures point to the virtual decriminalisation of property crime with 1 in 3 burglaries and 9 in 10 shoplifting incidents not reported to the police
- Half of all fines handed out for shoplifting and theft go unpaid
- Reports suggest a recent increase in organised crime gangs turning to property crime to finance their activities
- Data shows that property crime disproportionally affects deprived communities, making it one of the most regressive types of crime
The police and the courts are turning a blind eye to theft, burglary and shoplifting which makes up three quarters of all recorded crime committed in England and Wales, according to the Rt Hon David Lammy MP, one of the Labour party’s leading Mayoral candidates.
Lammy, the MP for Tottenham and author of the report on property crime for think tank Policy Exchange, says that, “There is a property crime endemic sweeping Britain which is going largely unaddressed.”
The report highlights how large swathes of property crime goes unreported, especially among independent shopkeepers, with people having little faith in the ability of the police to bring the perpetrators to justice. A poll of 400 members of the National Federation of Retail Newsagents carried out as part of the research discovered that over half of all respondents had been the victim of two or more shoplifting incidents in the preceding three months yet over a third (35%) doubted the police’s ability to successfully prosecute shoplifters. Less than 1 in 10 incidents of shoplifting is reported to the police.
Other figures in the report emphasise the problem:
- Only two thirds of burglaries are reported to the police
- Half of burglary victims never hear back from the police after reporting a crime
- 19,000 incidents of bicycle theft were reported to the Metropolitan Police in 2013-14 yet only 666 (3.5%) of these thefts were solved
The paper also argues that shoplifting from smaller retailers such as newsagents has virtually been decriminalised in the eyes of the law. The Anti Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014, set the threshold for a ‘serious’ shoplifting offence at good valued £200 or higher. Yet the median value of a shoplifting incident from a convenience store is around £40.
The paper also highlights how the courts are failing to tackle the problem of repeat offending:
- Half of all offenders sentenced for theft offences in the year to June 2014 had 15 or more previous convictions or cautions. This represents 62,000 offenders in one year alone
- 45 per cent of offenders cautioned for theft offences had already received a caution or conviction for a previous offence
- Half of all fines imposed by courts go unpaid
- The only recourse a magistrate has to address non-payment of fines is six months imprisonment
The report makes a series of recommendation to address property crime including:
- Restoring ward-level neighbourhood policing teams consisting of a sergeant, two constables and three Police Community Support Officers and ensure they focus their efforts on preventing and solving local property crime.
- Giving magistrates flexibility to enforce unpaid court fines through means other than six months imprisonment
- Implementing a penalties escalator for repeated theft. Courts should be able to break the caution-fine-reoffending cycle by increasing the sentence for reoffending.
- Making it compulsory for new police recruits to walk the same beat for at least a year – and preferably two years – after they complete training.
- Introducing New York Compstat-style data sharing between police forces to pinpoint crime trends and hotspots
- Establishing a Crime Prevention Academy to improve crime prevention expertise within police forces
Rt Hon David Lammy MP, author of the report, said:
“The property crime endemic sweeping Britain is going largely unaddressed. Worse still, it is disproportionately affecting Britain’s deprived communities.
“While the overall crime rate has been falling for two decades, it does not feel that way to victims of some of the most common crimes. When a burglary occurs, a bike is stolen or a phone is taken, many victims will report the theft to the police, but often it is solely as a way of getting a crime number to give to their insurance company. There is too often a resignation that nothing can be done.
“All criminal justice agencies, particularly the police, are dealing with tight budget constraints. However, the deprioritisation of property crime has become so significant that is has virtually been decriminalised. Attitudes must change if we are to arrest this development.”
NFRN National President Martyn Brown said “When our members are the victims of shoplifting, it is their livelihood that is disappearing out of the door. No-one should underestimate the impact of retail crime on already hard pressed retailers”
A full report is available on request. David Lammy MP will be speaking at a Policy Exchange on Tuesday 3rd March.