Publications Archive

March 25, 2013

by Matthew Oakley and Paul Garaud

Policy Exchange’s response to the DWP’s labour market interventions consultation, Slow Progress says that there must be greater conditions for in-work claimants to ensure that they are doing all they can to increase their hours and earnings. The introduction of Universal Credit this year provides the government with an opportunity to ensure that workers reliant on state benefits are explicitly asked to do more to find more work where possible.

March 15, 2013

by James Barty

Bank lending to private companies in the UK has fallen in every single year since the financial crisis, dropping a staggering £57 billion since 2008. Capital Requirements: Gold plate or lead weight? says that the primary reason for this lack of credit is due to the financial regulator’s desire to raise the capital requirements of UK banks.

March 14, 2013

by Alex Morton

Councils that fail to hit their own housing targets should have to release land to local people who want to design their own homes. The government could use this self-build model to ensure that councils hit their housebuilding targets, doubling the amount of new homes to over 200,000 by 2014 and giving the construction sector a much needed shot in the arm.

February 8, 2013

by Matthew Tinsley and Matthew Oakley

Outcomes, Not Just Incomes says that nearly one in five children (2.3 million) across the UK are living materially deprived lives and are not included in the government’s headline measure of relative income poverty. This is despite £170 billion of expenditure between 2003 and 2010. The report identifies a number of problems with the existing measure of child poverty and recommends a new Child Poverty Bill that would measure social poverty as well as household income.

February 5, 2013

by Max Chambers

Expanding Payment-by-Results argues that plans to privatise the probation service, underpinned by a ‘payment-by-results’ mechanism, will only work if the prisons system is wrapped into the reforms and prison governors are directly incentivised to cooperate with the new private and voluntary providers who are due to take over probation services.

January 28, 2013

by Lucy Lee

Quality Childcare highlights how people living in the most deprived areas of the country are receiving poorer quality childcare, when it is children in these areas who will gain the most from accessing high quality care. This report calls for the government to put fresh impetus in improving the quality of early years teaching and makes recommendations for how to do so.

January 24, 2013

by Policy Exchange

The UK is facing global challenges. Our research is world class, but we need to be better at taking our great scientific research and applying it. This pamphlet, by Universities and Science Minister Rt Hon David Willetts MP, sets out eight great technologies where we can do exactly that.

by Alex Morton

Create Streets shows how demolishing high rise social housing blocks and replacing them with real streets made up of low rise flats and terraced housing would improve the lives of thousands of people who suffer from living in multi-storey housing.

January 21, 2013

by Owen Corrigan and Lucy Lee

Technical Matters calls for a distinct technical and vocational route through the education system to help reduce dropout and disengagement. Employers should work more closely with technical and vocational education providers to ensure the curriculum is relevant to future jobs and incorporates high quality instruction to industrial-level standards.

January 17, 2013

by Guy Newey and Simon Moore

Households could reduce their gas and electricity bills by as much as £70 a year if they were allowed to compare each other’s energy bills. Smarter, Greener, Cheaper, shows there is evidence both internationally and in the UK that households cut the amount of energy they use when their energy use is compared to that of a more energy efficient neighbour.

January 7, 2013

by Sarah Fink and Chris Yiu

The Superfast and the Furious argues that politicians have become overly focused on broadband speeds. Instead the government should focus on helping the 10.8 million people not online and do more to help small businesses make the most of the opportunities presented by the internet.

December 28, 2012

by Alex Morton

Planning for Less shows that councils are planning to build 272,720 fewer new homes since the abolition of regional planning. The report argues that rather than fighting councils the government should now work with them to ensure that they actually deliver the homes their targets propose.

December 14, 2012

by Karen Sosa

In the Public Interest explores the role and responsibility of the Crown Prosecution Service. It says the prosecution service should retain its powers but calls for more transparency and accountability when it comes to measuring the organisation’s successes and failures.

by Policy Exchange

This report argues that the government should increase the number of looked after and disadvantaged children given the opportunity to attend boarding schools. Using residential schooling can provide children with stability at home and at school, is actually cheaper than foster care and disadvantaged children staying in boarding schools attain better grades.

December 12, 2012

by Edward Boyd

Policing 2020 looks at the landscape of policing over the next ten years, calling for a return to Sir Robert Peel’s core principles of crime prevention by restoring the link between the public and the police. The report recommends replacing neighbourhood police officers with new Crime Prevention Officers and the establishment of Citizen Police Academies.

December 3, 2012

by James Barty

Reform of the Bank of England argues that the Bank of England’s focus on monetary policy meant that it was not prepared for the impact of the freezing up of the financial markets and the collapse of some of the UK’s biggest banks. The report argues that without major reform to the Bank, the new financial regulatory regime currently going through Parliament risks being as flawed as its predecessor.

November 1, 2012

by Henry Featherstone

Perverse incentives in NHS funding structures have greatly increased the number of unnecessary admissions to hospitals over the last ten years by failing to encourage GPs and consultants to work together in the best interests of the patient. The NHS pay and performance system needs to move away from considering each of their professional groups as an isolated case and encourage them to work together.

October 10, 2012

by James O'Shaughnessy

Competition meets Collaboration presents evidence showing that not only do Academies work when it comes to raising standards, but that Academy chains can be even more effective at improving results than single Academies. The report makes recommendations for encouraging the growth of more and bigger academy chains.

October 5, 2012

by Policy Exchange

Bigger and Quieter: The right answer for aviation examines all of the options for increasing airport capacity in the UK and concludes that the best option would be to place four runways immediately west of the current Heathrow site. This would double the existing capacity to 130 million passengers, cementing it as Europe’s premier hub.

September 24, 2012

by Rory Geoghegan

Future of Corrections shows that the current system of tagging is in desperate need of reform. A more effective use of tagging, where police and probation officers are directly involved in keeping track of offenders and recommending to prison governors and the courts which criminals should be tagged, could save hundreds of millions of pounds and help the Coalition achieve its goal of stabilising the prison population by 2015.

September 21, 2012

by Chris Yiu

The UK has enormous potential to be a world-leader in the high-tech and digital economy, but it is tough for start-ups to find enough coders, designers and other highly skilled staff. Bits and Billions looks to the United States, especially California which is home to nearly half of the top 100 digital start-ups in the world, for lessons for UK policymakers.

Policy Exchange

September 13, 2012

by Policy Exchange and Alex Morton

Why Aren’t We Building Enough Attractive Homes: Myths, misunderstandings and solutions shows how large developers are ‘playing’ an outdated planning system and fooling the government into potentially wasting taxpayers’ money propping up land prices. The report recommends wholesale changes to the planning system to end ‘land banking’, give local people planning control and get more good new homes built.

Policy Exchange

September 12, 2012

by Karen Sosa

New analysis by Policy Exchange shows that there is widespread and inconsistent use of out-of-court disposals such as cautions and penalty notices. Proceed with Caution also finds that some serious offenders are escaping justice by avoiding prosecution or because many simply do not pay a penalty notice.

Policy Exchange

September 10, 2012

by Sean Worth and Colleen Nwaodor

This research briefing gives an overview of the public’s attitudes to key issues of public services reform – specifically, issues of choice, quality and the use of more providers from outside the state, including charities, social enterprises and businesses. It uses new polling carried out for this study, as well as examining what is known from existing research.

Policy Exchange

September 4, 2012

by Matthew Oakley

Mind the Gap examines how public and private wages differ in local areas. It demonstrates a complex picture of mismatches between the wages one might expect individuals to receive based on their characteristics and types of job, and the public sector wages they receive: pay differentials vary dramatically both across and within regions and across the pay distribution.

by Ed Holmes and Matthew Oakley

Rebalancing the pay and pensions of public sector workers so that they are in line with that of equivalent workers in the private sector would save £6.3 billion a year in public spending. This money would be better spent on tackling local unemployment and could create at least 288,000 private sector jobs in some of the areas of the country suffering most from the impact of the recession.

August 20, 2012

by Alex Morton

Selling expensive social housing as it becomes vacant could create the largest social house building programme since the 1970s. The sales would raise £4.5 billion annually which could be used to build 80,000-170,000 new social homes a year and create 160,000-340,000 jobs a year in the construction industry.

July 19, 2012

by Guy Newey

Something in the Air shows that air pollution is Britain’s invisible environmental problem. It is comparable to obesity and alcohol and second only to smoking as a public health problem, but gets far less attention. Yet some government policies, such as encouraging diesel vehicles in cities, are making the problem even worse.